The Cesky Terrier was developed by Frantisek Horįk in the Czech
Republic and is the result of an appropriate crossbreeding of a Sealyham
Terrier dog and Scottish Terrier bitch. The aim was to develop a light,
short-legged, well pigmented hunting terrier with practical drop ears,
easy to groom and easy to train, that could hunt fox and badgers in
groups, go to ground, and fit in burrows too small for its parent breeds.
While it still retains these abilities, today the Cesky is primarily a
In 1949 Mr. Horįk began to fix the breeds characteristics, in 1959 they
were shown for the first time, and the breed was finally recognized by the
FCI in 1963.
The Cesky Terrier is a rectangular terrier, short-legged,
long-haired, well-made, well-muscled and with small/medium drop ears. Fault:
Size and Proportion
Height at withers is between 10-12 ½ inches, with the ideal being 11 ½
inches for males and 10 ¾ inches for females. Weight must be between 13 lbs.
and 22 lbs.
Shaped like a long, blunt, not-too-broad wedge; the plane of the forehead
forms a distinctive break with the bridge of the nose.
Skull should ideally be 8 ¼ inches long for males
and 7 ¾ inches for females and should not be overly broad between the ears
(ideal being 4 inches for males and 3 ½ for females). It tapers moderately
toward the supraorbital ridges. Occipital protuberance is easy to palpate;
cheek bones are not too prominent; frontal furrow is only slightly
noticeable, and stop is not accentuated, but apparent. Nasal bridge is
Nose is dark and well developed, black on grey-blue dogs and liver
colored on light-coffee brown dogs.
Temporary loss of nasal pigmentation (snow nose).
Jaws and teeth are strong
with a scissors or level bite, full dentition (the absence of the 2 M3 in
the lower jaw should not be penalized), teeth well aligned and set square to
Faults: Weak, short or snipey
foreface, with weakly developed teeth; Absence of one (1) incisor, canine
Lips are relatively thick, fitting neatly.
Eyes are of medium size, slightly deep set, with a
friendly expression, and well covered by a fall of hair that hangs over the
eyes. Eye color is brown or dark brown in grey-blue coated dogs, light brown
in light-coffee-brown dogs. Eyelids are black in grey-blue dogs,
liver-colour in light-coffee-brown dogs.
too big or protruding.
Ears are medium size,
dropping in such a way as to well cover the ear opening. They are set on
rather high and lay flat along the cheeks and are shaped like a triangle,
with the shortest side of the triangle at the fold of the ear.
Fault: Ears too big or too small, or different than
described here in shape or carriage.
Medium long, quite strong, set rather high on the withers and carried on
a slant. The skin at the throat is somewhat loose but without forming a
Oblong in shape. Ideal body length is 17 inches for males and 15 ¾ inches for
Back is strong and of medium length. The withers are not overly pronounced. Loins are relatively
long, muscular, broad and slightly rounded. Rump is strongly developed and
muscular, with the pelvis slanting moderately. Hip bones are often slightly
higher than the withers. Topline is not level as the loins and rump are
always slightly arched.
Faults: Back too long or too
short, soft back.
Chest is more cylindrical than
deep with well sprung ribs.
Girth (measured behind
the elbows) should ideally be 17 ¾ inches for males and 17 ¼ inches for
Belly is ample with a slight tuck up and
flanks are well filled.
is ideally 7-8 inches long, relatively strong and low set. At rest it hangs
downward, usually with a slight upward bend at the tip; when alert the tail
is carried sabre shaped, horizontally or higher.
Forelegs should be straight, well boned and
Shoulders are muscular.
Elbows are somewhat loose, but do not turn in or
Forefeet are large with well arched toes and
strong nails. Pads are well developed and thick.
Fault: Crooked forelegs, incorrect
Hind legs are strong, parallel, well-angulated
The lower thigh is short.
The hock joint is strongly developed and set
Hind feet are smaller than the front feet.
GaitFree, enduring, vigorous, with drive. Gallop is rather slow but
lasting. The forelegs extend in a straight forward line.
CoatCoat is long, fine but firm, slightly wavy with a silky gloss;
not overly abundant. The Cesky Terrier is groomed with clippers (never
hand stripped). At the forepart of the head the hair is left long, forming a
fall (brow) and beard. Hair is also left long on the lower parts of the legs
and under the chest and belly. In show condition the coat on the upper side
of the neck, on the shoulders and on the back should not be longer than 1/2
- 3/4 inch; it should be shorter on the sides of the body and on the tail
and quite short on the ears, cheeks, at the lower side of the neck, on
elbows, thighs and round the vent. The transition between clipped and unclipped areas should be pleasing to the
eye and never abrupt.
Fault: Coat too fine or too
Skin is firm, thick, without wrinkles or
dewlap, and pigmented.
ColorThe Cesky Terrier has 2 color varieties: grey-blue (ranging from silver to charcoal, with puppies
born black) and light-coffee-brown (puppies born
chocolate brown). In both color varieties, yellow, grey or white markings
are permitted on the head (beard or cheeks), neck, chest, belly, the limbs
and around the vent. Sometimes there is also a white collar or a white tip
of the tail. However the basic color must always be predominant.
TemperamentBalanced, non-aggressive, pleasant and cheerful
companion, easy to train; somewhat reserved towards strangers; of calm and
N.B : Male animals should have
two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
- Absence of more than 4 teeth altogether; absence of 2 or more
- Canine placed in vestibulo position.
- Overshot or undershot mouth.
- Entropion or ectropion.
- Chest circumference more than 19 ¾ inches.
- Curled tail or carried tightly over the back.
- Long brindled coat on dogs older than 2 years.
- Coarse or curled cotton-wool type hair.
- White markings covering more than 20%; white blaze on the head.
- Irregular, jerky, spasmodic movements ("Scottie cramp")
- Weight over 22 lbs. or less than 13 lbs.
- Excessive shyness, nervously unbalanced or aggressive